Manuscripts

Manuscripts Utilizing VPS Data

VPS is the Only Way to Truly Benchmark Your PICU’s Performance as a
Fundamental Requirement for Quality Improvement

Tripathi S, Swayampakula AK, Deshpande GG, et al. Illustration of the current practice and outcome
comparison of early versus late tracheostomy after pediatric ECMO. Int J Artif Organs. 2020; Mar
31:391398820913571. [Epub ahead of print]

Lindell RB, Nishisaki A, Weiss SL, Traynor DM, Fitzgerald JC. Risk of Mortality in Immunocompromised
Children With Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock [published online ahead of print, 2020 Apr 14]. Crit Care
Med. 2020;10.1097/CCM.0000000000004329. doi:10.1097/CCM.0000000000004329

Leimanis Laurens, Mara PhD1,2; Snyder, Kristen MD3; Davis, Alan T. PhD4,5; Fitzgerald, Robert K.
MD1,2; Hackbarth, Richard MD1,2; Rajasekaran, Surender MD, MPH1,2 Racial/Ethnic Minority
Children With Cancer Experience Higher Mortality on Admission to the ICU in the United States,
Pediatric Critical Care Medicine: April 22, 2020 – Volume Online First – Issue – doi:
10.1097/PCC.0000000000002375

Dziorny, Adam C. MD, PhD1,2; Lindell, Robert B. MD2; Bennett, Tellen D. MD, MS3; Bailey, L. Charles
MD, PhD1,4 Joining Datasets Without Identifiers, Pediatric Critical Care Medicine: June 8, 2020 –
Volume Online First – Issue – doi: 10.1097/PCC.0000000000002380

Goday P, Kuhn E, Mikhailov T. Early Parenteral Nutrition in Critically Ill Children not receiving Early
Enteral Nutrition is Associated with Significantly Higher Mortality. JPEN. Epub 2019 Oct.26
.https://doi.org/10.1002/jpen.1731

Balakrishnan B, Flynn-O’Brien KT, Simpson PM, Dasgupta M, Hanson SJ. Enteral Nutrition Initiation in
Children Admitted to Pediatric Intensive Care Units After Traumatic Brain Injury. Neurocrit Care.
2019;30(1) 193-200. doi:10.1007/s12028-018-0597-6. PMID: 30171446.

Ross PA, Newth CJ, Leung D, et al.Body Habitus and Risk of Mortality in Pediatric Sepsis and Septic
Shock: A Retrospective Cohort Study. Journal of Pediatrics 2019;210, Pages 178–183.e2. DOI:

Ramsey N. Guffey D. Anagnostou K. Coleman N. Davis C. Epidemiology of Anaphylaxis in Critically Ill
Children in the United States. The Journal Of Allergy and Immunology. 2019: 7(7); 2241-2249.

Typpo K, Watson RS, Bennett TD, Farris RWD, Spaeder MC, Petersen NJ; Pediatric Existing Data
Analysis (PEDAL) Investigators and Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and Sepsis Investigators (PALISI)
Network. Outcomes of Day 1 Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome in the PICU. Pediatr Crit Care Med.
2019 Oct;20(10):914-922. doi: 10.1097/PCC.0000000000002044.

Lindell Robert B, Nishisaki Akira, Weiss Scott L, Balamuth Fran, Traynor Danielle M, Chilutti Marianne
R, Grundmeier Robert W, Fitzgerald Julie C: Comparison of Methods for Identification of Pediatric
Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock in the Virtual Pediatric Systems Database. Critical care medicine
47(2): e129-e135, Feb 2019. PMCID: PMC6336511

Early Enteral Nutrition Is Associated With Significantly Lower Hospital Charges in Critically Ill Children
Theresa A. Mikhailov, MD,PhD 1; Shira J. Gertz, MD 2; Evelyn M. Kuhn,PhD 3; Matthew C. Scanlon,
MD 1; Thomas B. Rice, MD 1; and Praveen S. Goday, MBBS 4 Journal of Parenteral and Enteral
Nutrition Volume 00 Number 0 xxx 20181–6 C ? 2018 American Society for Parenteral and Enteral
Nutrition DOI: 10.1002/jpen.1025

Bigelow AM, Flynn-O’Brien KT, Simpson PM, Dasgupta M, Hanson SJ.
Multicenter Review of Current Practices Associated With Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis in
Pediatric Patients After Trauma. Crit Care Med. 2018;19(9):e448-e454. doi:
10.1097/PCC.0000000000001614.

Cole S. Wakeham M. Werlin S. Goday P. Classification and Nutrition Management of Acute
Pancreatitis in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit. JPGN. 2018;67(6) 755-590. doi:
10.1097/MPG.0000000000002147

Tran M, Shein SL, Ji X, Ahuja SP. Identification of a “VTE-rich” population in pediatrics – Critically ill
children with central venous catheters. Thrombosis Research. 2018;161:73-77.
doi:10.1016/j.thromres.2017.11.014.

Halvorson E, Case D, Skelton J, McCrory M. Vascular Access in Critically Ill Pediatric Patients With
Obesity. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. 2018;19(1):1-8. doi:10.1097/PCC.0000000000001368

Görges M, Peters C, MD, Murthy S, Pi S, Kissoon N. External Validation of the “Quick” Pediatric
Logistic Organ Dysfunction-2 Score Using a Large North American Cohort of Critically Ill Children With
Suspected Infection. PCCM. 2018; 19(12). DOI: 10.1097/PCC.0000000000001729

Peters C, Murthy S, Brant R, Kissoon N, Görges M. Mortality Risk Using a Pediatric Quick Sequential
(Sepsis-Related) Organ Failure Assessment Varies With Vital Sign Thresholds. Crit Care Med. 2018
Aug;19(8):e394-e402. doi: 10.1097/PCC.0000000000001598.

Renal Replacement Therapy Modalities in Critically Ill Children
Fernando Beltramo, MD1; Joseph DiCarlo, MD1; Joshua B. Gruber, MSPH3; Thom Taylor, PhD3;
Balagangadhar R. Totapally, MD2 Pediatric Critial Care Medicine: 2018 XXX 2018 • Volume XX •
Number XXX
DOI: 10.1097/PCC.0000000000001754

Balkin EM, Steurer MA, Delagnes EA, et al. Multicenter mortality and morbidity associated with
pulmonary hypertension in the pediatric intensive care unit. Pulmonary Circulation. 2018.
doi:10.1177/2045893217745785. Epub 2017 Dec 18.

Balkin E, Zinter M, Rajagopal S, Keller R, Fineman J, Steurer M. Intensive Care Mortality Prognostic
Model for Pediatric Pulmonary Hypertension. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2018 June 19. [Epub ahead of
print]

Balakrishnan B, Zhang L, Simpson P, Hanson S. Impact of the Timing of Placement of an Intracranial
Pressure Monitor on Outcomes in Children with Severe Traumatic Brain Injury. Pediatr Neurosurg
2018;53:379–386https://doi.org/10.1159/000494028

Gupta P, Rettiganti M, Gosset JM, Daufeldt J, Rice TB, Wetzel RC. Development and Validation of an
Empiric Tool to Predict Favorable Neurologic Outcomes Among PICU Patients. Critical Care Medicine.
2018;46(1):108-115. doi:0.1097/CCM.0000000000002753. [Epub ahead of print 2017 Oct 6]

D. Hill, Garick & S. Ghanayem, Nancy & Hraska, Viktor & Jacobsen, Roni & Mitchell, Michael & Woods,
Ronald & Ginde, Salil. (2018). Variation in the use of Fontan fenestration in the current surgical era.
Progress in Pediatric Cardiology. 10.1016/j.ppedcard.2018.08.007.

Gupta P, Rettiganti M, Shinkawa T, Gossett JM, Brundage N, Jeffries HE, Bertrandt R.Reclassifying by
highest complexity operation rather than first operation influences mortality after pediatric heart surgery.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2018 Jul 18. pii: S0022-5223(18)31780-X. doi: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2018.06.035.

[Epub ahead of print]
Outcomes and Resource Use Among Overweight and Obese Children With Sepsis in the Pediatric
Intensive Care Unit
Laura S. Peterson, MD, Cecilia Gállego Suárez, MD, Hannah E. Segaloff, MPH, …
First Published February 22, 2018 Research Article
Article information
Journal of Intensive Care Medicine, Article first published online: February 22, 2018
Received: December 22, 2017; Revisions received: January 07, 2018; Accepted: January 31, 2018

Laura S. Peterson, MD1, Cecilia Gállego Suárez, MD2, Hannah E. Segaloff, MPH3, Cameron Griffin,
BS2, Emily T. Martin, PhD, MPH3, Folafoluwa O. Odetola, MD, MPH4, Kanakadurga Singer, MD2
Reiter PD, Roth J, Wathen B, Lavelle J, Ridall LA. Low-Dose Epinephrine Boluses for Acute
Hypotension in the PICU*. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. 2018;19(4):281-286.
doi:10.1097/pcc.0000000000001448.

Kolovos, Nikoleta & Gill, Jeff & H. Michelson, Peter & Doctor, Allan & E. Hartman, Mary. (2018).
Reduction in Mortality Following Pediatric Rapid Response Team Implementation. Pediatric Critical
Care Medicine. 19. 1. 10.1097/PCC.0000000000001519.

Edwards JD, Lucas AR, Boscardin WJ, Dudley RA. Repeated critical illness and unplanned
readmissions within 1 year to PICUs. Critical Care Medicine 2017; 45(8):1276-1284.

Flynn-O’Brien K, Fallat M, Rivera F, et al. Pediatric Trauma Assessment and Management Database:
Leveraging Existing Data Systems to Predict Mortality and Functional Status after Pediatric Injury.
Journal Of The American College Of Surgeons. 2017;224:933-944.

Geneslaw A, Jia J, Lucas R, Agus M. Pediatric Intermediate Care and Pediatric Intensive Care Units:
PICU Metrics and an Analysis of Patients that use Both. Journal of Critical Care. 2017;41:268-274.
doi:DOI: .

Ortmann LA, Manimtim WM, Lachica CI. Outcomes of Tracheostomy in Children Requiring Surgery for
Congenital Heart Disease. Pediatric Cardiology. 2017;38(2):296-301. doi:10.1007/s00246-016-1512-6.
Original Article First Online: 21 November 2016

McCrory MC, Spaeder MC, Gower EW, Nakagawa TA, et al. Time of Admission to the PICU and
Mortality. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. 2017;18(10):915-923. doi:10.1097/PCC.0000000000001268
Feature Article .

Patel MM, Travers CD, Stockwell JA, Geller RJ, Kamat PP, Grunwell JR. Analysis of Interventions
Required in 12,021 Children With Acute Intoxications Admitted to PICUs. Pediatric Critical Care
Medicine. 2017;18(7):e281-e289. doi:10.1097/PCC.0000000000001187.

Russell R, Rettiganti M, Brundage N, Jeffries H, Gupta P. Performance of Pediatric Risk of Mortality
Score Among Critically Ill Children With Heart Disease. World Journal for Pediatric and Congenital
Heart Surgery . 2017;8(4):427-434. doi:10.1177/2150135117704656 .

Doctor A, Zimmerman J, Agus M, et al. Pediatric Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome: Promising
Therapies. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. 2017;18(3):S67-S82. doi:10.1097/pcc.0000000000001053.

Shein SL, Slain KN, Clayton JA, Mckee B, Rotta AT, Wilson-Costello D. Neurologic and Functional
Morbidity in Critically Ill Children With Bronchiolitis*. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. 2017;18(12):1106-
1113. doi:10.1097/pcc.0000000000001337.

Edwards JD, Lucas AR, Boscardin WJ, Dudley RA. Repeated Critical Illness and Unplanned
Readmissions Within 1 Year to PICUs*. Critical Care Medicine. 2017;45(8):1276-1284.
doi:10.1097/ccm.0000000000002439.

Leroue MK, Good RJ, Skillman HE, Czaja AS. Enteral Nutrition Practices in Critically Ill Children
Requiring Noninvasive Positive Pressure Ventilation*. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine.
2017;18(12):1093-1098. doi:10.1097/pcc.0000000000001302.

Edwards J, Houtrow A, Lucas A, et al. Children and Young Adults who Received Tracheostomies or
were Initiated on Long-Term Ventilation in Pediatric ICUs. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine.
2016;17(8):e324-334.

Gall C, Wetzel R, Kolker A, Kanter RK. Pediatric Triage in a Severe Pandemic: Maximizing Survival by
Establishing Triage Thresholds. Critical Care Medicine. 2016;44(9):1762-1768.
doi:10.1097/CCM.0000000000001759.

Flynn-O’Brien KT, Fallat ME, Rice TB, Rivera R. Improving Risk-Adjusted Mortality Modeling in
Pediatric Trauma with a Novel Dataset. Pediatrics. 2016;137:270A.
doi:10.1542/peds.137.Supplement_3.270A .

Coro MD, Spaeder MC, Penk JS, Levin AB, Futterman C,
Unscheduled Pediatric Intensive Care Unit Admissions in Patients With Cardiovascular Disease:
Clinical Features and Outcomes. World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg. 2016;7(4):454-9. doi:
10.1177/2150135116648308.

Coro M, Spaeder M, Penk J, Levin A, Futterman C. Unscheduled Pediatric Intensive Care Unit
Admissions in Patients with Cardiovascular Disease, Clinical Features and Outcomes. World Journal
for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Surgery. 2016; 7(4): 454-459. doi: 10.1177/2150135116648308.

Meyer M, Mikhailov T, Kuhn E, Collins M, Scanlon M. Pediatric Specialty Transport Teams are not
Associated with Decreased 48-Hour Pediatric Intensive Care Unit Mortality: A Propensity Analysis of
the VPS, LLC Database. Air Medical Journal. 2016;35(2): 73-78. doi:

Field-Ridley A, Dharmar M, Steinhorn D, McDonald C, Marcin J. ICU-Acquired Weakness is
Associated with Differences in Clinical Outcomes in Critically Ill Children. Pediatr Crit Care Med.
2016;17(1):53-7. doi: 10.1097/PCC.0000000000000538.

Gall C, Wetzel R, Kolker A, Kanter R, Toltzis P. Pediatric Triage in a Severe Pandemic: Maximizing
Survival by Establishing Triage Thresholds. Critical Care Medicine. 2016;44(9):1762-1768(7). DOI:

Gupta P, Rettiganti M, Rice T, Wetzel R. Impact of 24/7 In-Hospital Intensivist Coverage on Outcomes
in Pediatric Intensive Care: A Multi-Center Study. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2016 Jul 1. [Epub ahead
of print]. doi:10.1164/rccm.201512-2456OC.

McCrory MC, Lee KJ, Scanlon MC, Wakeham MK. Predictors of need for mechanical ventilation at
discharge after tracheostomy in the PICU. Pediatric Pulmonology. 2016;51(1):53-59.
doi:10.1002/ppul.23195. Epub 2015 Mar 30.

Heneghan J, Lansell A, Domowicz D, Shein S. Intensive Care Unit Readmissions Among Children with
Tracheostomies Placed Following Cardiac Arrest. Pediatrics. 2016;137:258A-258A.
doi:10.1542/peds.137.Supplement_3.258A.

Edwards J, Houtrow A, Vasilevskis E, et al. Children and Young Adults who receive tracheostomies or
were intubated on Long Term Ventilation in the Pediatric ICU. PCCM. 2016; 17(8): e324-34. doi:
10.1097/PCC.0000000000000844.

Gupta P, Rettiganti M, Gossett JM, Yeh JC. Risk factors for mechanical ventilation and reintubation
after pediatric heart surgery. Journal Thoracic Cardiovascular Surgery. 2016;151(2):451-458.
doi:10.1016/j.jtcvs.2015.09.080. Epub 2015 Sep 28

Gupta P, Rettiganti M, Jeffries H, Rice T. Epidemiology of Reintubation Among Children Undergoing
Heart Operations of Varying Complexity. Critical Care Medicine. 2016;44(12):126.
doi:10.1097/01.ccm.0000508876.60312.35 .

Gupta P, Rettiganti M, Jeffries H, et al. Association of 24/7 In-house ICU Attending Coverage with
Outcomes in Children Undergoing Heart Operations. Ann Thorac Surg. (Accepted for Publication, In
Press). Ann Thorac Surg. 2016 Jun 18. [Epub ahead of print].

Gupta P, Rettiganti M, Rice TB, Wetzel RC. Impact of 24/7 In-Hospital Intensivist Coverage on
Outcomes in Pediatric Intensive Care. A Multicenter Study. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical
Care Medicine. 2016;194(12). doi:10.1164/rccm.201512-2456OC .

Gupta P, Rettiganti M, Jeffries H, et al. Risk Factors and Outcomes of In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest
Following Pediatric Heart Operations of Varying Complexity. Resuscitation. 2016 May 13;105:1-7.
[Epub ahead of print]. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2016.04.022.

Gupta P, Tang X, Rettiganti M, et al. Association of House Staff Training with Mortality in Children with
Critical Illness. Acta Paediatrica. 2016;105(2): e60–e66, doi: 10.1111/apa.13223.

Ross P, Newth C, Leung D, Wetzel R, Khemani R. Obesity and Mortality Risk in Critically Ill Children.
Pediatrics. 2016;137(3):e20152035. Epub 2016 Feb 16. doi: 10.1542/peds.2015-2035.

Obesity and Mortality Risk in Critically Ill Children
Patrick A. Ross, Christopher J.L. Newth, Dennis Leung, Randall C. Wetzel, Robinder G. Khemani
COMPARING COMPLICATION RATES IN CENTRAL LINES VERSUS PERIPHERALLY INSERTED
CENTRAL CATHETERS

Noonan, Patrick; Petersen, Tara; Hanson, Sheila; Simpson, Pippa; Dasgupta, Mahua
Critical Care Medicine: December 2016 – Volume 44 – Issue 12 – p 346
doi: 10.1097/01.ccm.0000509756.02057.eb

Gupta P, Richardson T, Hall M, et al. Effect of Inhaled Nitric Oxide on Outcomes in Children with Acute
Lung Injury: Propensity Matched Analysis from a Linked Database. Crit Care Med. 2016 May 9. [Epub
ahead of print]. doi: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000001837.

Gupta P, Rettiganti M, Fisher P, Chang A, Rice T, Wetzel R. Association of Freestanding Children’s
Hospitals with Outcomes in Children with Critical Illness. Crit Care Med. 2016 Aug 4. [Epub ahead of
print]. doi:10.1097/CCM.0000000000001961.

Markovitz B, Kukuyeva I, Soto-Campos G, Khemani R. PICU Volume and Outcome: A SeverityAdjusted Analysis. PCCM. 2016;17(6):483-9. doi: 10.1097/PCC.0000000000000697.

Markovitz BP, Kukuyeva I, Soto-Campos G, Khemani RG. PICU Volume and Outcome: A SeverityAdjusted Analysis. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. 2016;17(6):483-489.
doi:10.1097/pcc.0000000000000697.

Tolzis P, Soto-Campos G, Kuhn E, Hahn R. Evidence-Based Pediatric Outcome Predictors to Guide
the Allocation of Critical Care Resources in a Mass Casualty Event. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine.
2015;16(7).

Zinter MS, Dvorak CC, Spicer A, Cowan MJ. New Insights Into Multicenter PICU Mortality Among
Pediatric Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Patients. Critical Care Medicine. 2015;43(9):1986-1994.

Flynn-O’Brien KT, Thompson LL, Gall CM, Fallat ME. Variability in the structure and care processes for
critically injured children: A multicenter survey of trauma bay and intensive care units. Journal of
Pediatric Surgery. 2016;51(3):490-498. doi:10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2015.09.006 | .

Gupta P, Tang X, Gossett J, et al. Variation of Ventilation Practices with center volume after pediatric
heart surgery. Clin Cardiol. 2015;38(3):178-84. doi: 10.1002/clc.22374. Epub 2015 Feb 23.

Goday PS, Wakeham M, Kuhn EM, Collins MM. Acute Pancreatitis in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit.
JPGN. 2015;61(1):108-112. doi:10.1097/MPG.0000000000000780.

APA Toltzis, Philip MD1; Soto-Campos, Gerardo PhD2; Kuhn, Evelyn M. PhD3; Hahn, Ryan DO1;
Kanter, Robert K. MD4,5; Wetzel, Randall C. MD2,6 Evidence-Based Pediatric Outcome Predictors to
Guide the Allocation of Critical Care Resources in a Mass Casualty Event*, Pediatric Critical Care
Medicine: September 2015 – Volume 16 – Issue 7 – p e207-e216
doi: 10.1097/PCC.0000000000000481

Gupta P, Tang X, Rettiganti M, Lauer C. Association of house staff training with mortality in children
with critical illness. Acta Paediatrica. 2015;105(2):e60-e66. doi:10.1111/apa.13223.

Zinter MS, Dvorak CC, Spicer A, Cowan MJ, Sapru A. New insights into multicenter PICU mortality
among pediatric hematopoietic stem cell transplant patients. Crit Care Med 2015;43(9): 1986-1994.
PMID: 26035280

Heneghan J, Lansell A, Lopez-Domowicz D, Shein S. ICU Readmissions for Children with
Tracheostomies Places Following Cardiac Arrest. Critical Care Medicine. 205AD;43(12):185.
doi:10.1097/01.ccm.0000474563.43840.25.

Edwards J, Vasilevskis E, Yoo E, et al. Adults with childhood-onset chronic conditions admitted to US
pediatric and adult intensive care units. J Crit Care. 2015 Feb;30(1):201-6. doi:
10.1016/j.jcrc.2014.10.016. Epub 2014 Oct 25.

Anand K, Sepanski R, Giles K, et al. Pediatric Intensive Care Unit Mortality Among Latino Children
Before and After a Multilevel Health Care Delivery Intervention. JAMA Pediatr. 2015 Feb 23. doi:
10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.3789. [Epub ahead of print]

Kanwaljeet J. S. Anand, MBBS, DPhil; Robert J. Sepanski, MS; Kimberley Giles, MBA, MSHA; Samir
H. Shah, MD, MBA, FRCPC; Paul D. Juarez, PhD, Pediatric Intensive Care Unit Mortality Among Latino
Children Before and After a Multilevel Health Care Delivery Intervention. JAMA Pediatr.
2015;169(4):383-390. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.3789

Toltzis P, Soto-Campus G, Kuhn E, Hahn R, Kanter R, Wetzel R. Evidence-Based Pediatric Outcome
Predictors to Guide the Allocation of Critical Care Resources in a Mass Casualty Event. Pediatr Crit
Care Med. 2015;16(7):e207–e216. doi: 10.1097/PCC.0000000000000481

Jeffries H, Soto-Campos G, Katch A, Gall C, Rice T, Wetzel R. A Pediatric Index of Cardiac Surgical
Intensive Care Mortality Risk Score for Pediatric Cardiac Critical Care. Pediatr Crit Care Med.
2015;16(9):846–852. doi: 10.1097/PCC.0000000000000489.

Nguyen T, Bhalla A, Leung D, Khemani R, Ross P. PICU Mortality and Body Habitus in Patients with
Septicemia or Septic Shock. Critical Care Medicine.2015;43(12):253–254. doi:
10.1097/01.ccm.0000474839.78529.93

Panchal AK, Manzi J, Connolly S, Christensen M, Wakeham M, Goday PS, Mikhailov TA. Safety of
Enteral Feedings in Critically Ill Children Receiving Vasoactive Agents. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr.
2014 Aug 28. pii: 0148607114546533.

Mikhailov, T, Kuhn, E, Manzi,, J, et al. Early enteral nutrition is associated with lower mortality in
critically ill children. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2014 May;38(4):459-66. doi:
10.1177/0148607113517903. Epub 2014 Jan 8.

Russell, R, Ghanayem, N, Kuhn, E, Jeffries, H, Scanlon, M, & Rice, T. Relationship between riskadjustment. World Journal for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Surgery, World J Pediatr Congenit Heart
Surg. 2014 Jan 1;5(1):16-21. doi: 10.1177/2150135113510008.

Gupta P, Green J, Tang X, et al. Comparison of high-frequency oscillatory ventilation and conventional
mechanical ventilation in pediatric respiratory failure. JAMA Pediatr. 2014 Mar;168(3):243-9, doi:
10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.4463

Iannucci G, Oster M, Chanani N, et al. The Relationship between In-House Attending Coverage and
Duration of Mechanical Ventilation Following Congenital Heart Surgery, Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2014
Mar;15(3):258-63. doi: 10.1097/PCC.0000000000000068

Wakeham M, Kuhn E, Lee J, McCrory M, Scanlon M, Use of Tracheostomy in the Pediatric Intensive
Care Unit among Patients Requiring Prolonged Mechanical Ventilation.Intensive Care Med 2014
Jun;40(6)863-70.doi: 10.1007/s00134-014-3298-4. Epub 2014 May 1

Gaies M, Jeffries H, Niebler R, et al. Vasoactive-Inotropic Score Is Associated with Outcome After
Infant Cardiac Surgery: An Analysis From the Pediatric Cardiac Critical Care Consortium and Virtual
PICU System Registries. PCCM 2014. 15 (6). pp529-537. DOI: 10.1097/PCC.0000000000000153

Gupta P, Tang X, Gossett J, et al. Association of center volume with outcomes in critically ill children
with acute asthma. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2014 Jul;113(1):42-7. doi:
10.1016/j.anai.2014.04.020. Epub 2014 May 14.

Panchal A, Manzi J, Connolly S, et al., Safety of Enteral Feedings in Critical Ill Children on Vasoactive
Agents. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2014 Aug 28. pii: 0148607114546533. [Epub ahead of print]

Gupta P, Kacmarek RM, Wetzel RC. It is Too Eartly to declare Early or Late Rescue High-Frequency
Oscillatory Ventilation Dead- Reply. JAMA Pediatr. 2014; 168(9): 863. doi:

Bone, M, Feinglass, J, Goodman, D. Risk Factors for Acquiring Functional and Cognitive Disabilities
During Admission to a PICU. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2014 Sep;15(7):640-8. doi:
10.1097/PCC.0000000000000199

Zinter M, DuBois S, Spicer A, et al. Pediatric cancer type predicts infection rate, need for critical care
intervention, and mortality in the pediatric intensive care unit. Intensive Care Med. 2014
Oct;40(10):1536-44. doi: 10.1007/s00134-014-3389-2. Epub 2014 Jul 15. PMID: 25023526.

Gupta P, Tang X, Gall C, et al. Epidemiology and outcomes of in-hospital cardiac arrest in critically ill
children across hospitals of varied center volume: a multi-center analysis. Resuscitation. 2014
Nov;85(11):1473-9. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2014.07.016. Epub 2014 Aug 7.

McCrory M, Gower E, Simpson S, Nakagawa T, Mou S, Morris P, et al.. Off-Hours Admission to
Pediatric Intensive Care and Mortality.Pediatrics. Pediatrics. 2014 Nov;134(5):e1345-53. doi:
10.1542/peds.2014-1071. Epub 2014 Oct 6.

Wakeham M, Christensen M, Manzi J, Kuhn EM, Scanlon M, Goday PS, Mikhailov TA. Registered
dietitians making a difference: early medical record documentation of estimated energy requirement in
critically ill children is associated with higher daily energy intake and with use of the enteral route.
Acad Nutr Diet. 2013 Oct;113(10):1311-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jand.2013.04.025. Epub 2013 Jun 28.

Edwards JD, Lucas AR, Stone PW, Boscardin WJ, Dudley RA. Frequency, risk factors, and outcomes
of early unplanned readmissions to PICUs. Critical Care Medicine 2013; 41(12):2773-2783.

Czaja, A, Hosokawa, P, & Henderson, W. Unscheduled readmissions to the picu: epidemiology, risk
factors, and variation among centers. Pediatr Crit Care Med., 2013 Jul;14(6):571-9. doi:
10.1097/PCC.0b013e3182917a68.

Edwards J, Houtrow A, Vasilevskis E, Dudley R, Okumura M; A multi-institutional profile of adults
admitted to pediatric intensive care units, JAMA Pediatr. 2013 May;167(5):436-43. doi:
10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.1316

Cassidy, L, Lambropoulos, D, Enters, J, Farahzad, M, Gourlay, D, Lal, D, Health Disparities Analysis of
Critically Ill Pediatric Trauma Patients in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, J Am Coll Surg. 2013 Aug;217(2):233-
9. doi: 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2013.02.032. Epub 2013 May 8

Ghuman, A, Newth, C, Khemani, R. Impact of Gender on Sepsis Mortality and Severity of Illness for
Prepubertal and Postpubertal Children. The Journal of Pediatrics Sept 2013.163(3),pgs 835-840.e1

Edwards J, Lucas A, Stone P, Boscardin W, Dudley R, Frequency, Risk Factors, and Outcomes of
Early Unplanned Readmissions to PICUs. Crit Care Med. 2013 Dec;41(12):2773-83. doi:
10.1097/CCM.0b013e31829eb970.

Shibata, S, Khemani, R, Markovitz, B. Patient Origin Is Associated With Duration of Endotracheal
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